- Corticosteroids, such as prednisone
- Allopurinol (Zyloprim®)
- Probenecid (Benemid®)
- Sulfinpyrazone (Anturane®)
- Febuxostat (Uloric®).
NSAIDs or corticosteroids may be prescribed for an acute attack of gout. When NSAIDs or corticosteroids do not control symptoms in a person who is having an acute gout attack, the healthcare provider may consider using colchicine as part of the person's treatment plan.
Allopurinol, probenecid, sulfinpyrazone, and febuxostat are medications can help prevent future gout attacks. One thing to keep in mind is that these gout medicines may actually prolong an acute gout attack. For this reason, they are not used during the acute attack. Also, during the first couple of months of treatment with these medicines, the healthcare provider may prescribe oral colchicine in small daily doses to prevent attacks.
(Click Gout Medications for more information.)
Medications for Infectious ArthritisThe specific medications recommended for the treatment of infectious arthritis will depend on the results of the synovial fluid analysis.
If septic arthritis, Lyme arthritis, tuberculosis arthritis, or gonococcal arthritis are suspected, antibiotics will be prescribed. Antibiotics may initially be given though an IV. After a period of time, the healthcare provider may switch to antibiotics taken by mouth.
Fungal arthritis is treated with antifungal medication. Viral arthritis typically does not require any treatment.