Dexamethasone Side Effects
Possible Side Effects of DexamethasoneFor many medications, the prescribing information carefully explains the exact percentage of side effects that were seen in clinical trials. However, the prescribing information for almost all older medications, including many dexamethasone products, contains only vague information on potential side effects, with no percentages provided.
Therefore, it can be difficult to know exactly how common or how rare problems with such medications may be. In addition, the many different forms of dexamethasone may have significantly different side effects.
Some of the possible dexamethasone side effects are thought to include:
- Nervousness or restlessness
- Indigestion or heartburn
- Increased sweating
- A spinning sensation (vertigo)
- High blood pressure (hypertension)
- Increased appetite
- General feelings of discomfort (malaise)
- Changes in menstruation
- Eye or ear irritation (burning, stinging, redness) with eye and ear drops
- Increased eye pressure with dexamethasone intravitreal implant (eye implant).
Some side effects are more likely to occur with long-term dexamethasone use. Some of the possible long-term reactions may include but are not limited to:
- Thinning of the skin
- Easy bruising
- Weight gain
- Fluid retention
- Decreased bone density or osteoporosis
- Loss of muscle mass
- Bulging eyes
- Increased hair growth in women
- Cushing's syndrome, which could cause:
- Upper-body obesity
- A rounded face
- Increased fat around the neck
- Slow growth in children.