Bleeding During Hip Replacement
During a hip replacement, bleeding is normal. In fact, some bleeding after the surgery is expected. There can be several causes of bleeding, and the treatment will vary depending on the cause and your individual situation. Urgent surgery may be necessary to stop serious bleeding during a hip replacement surgery or to repair a blood vessel that was damaged.
If bleeding is severe, a blood transfusion may be used. Because the blood and blood products are actively screened for various diseases and problems, including AIDS and hepatitis, among others, blood transfusions are generally safe.
There is, however, an extremely rare chance that you may contract an illness secondary to a transfusion. The estimated risk of contracting hepatitis C from blood transfusions is 1 in 100,000, hepatitis B is 1 in 200,000, and HIV is about 1 in 600,000.
Depending on your individual situation, it may also be possible for you to donate your own blood. If so, you will usually donate blood about three to four weeks prior to the hip replacement surgery. This makes the possibility of receiving a transfusion from the blood bank more unlikely.