Infectious Arthritis Symptoms

Symptoms Seen With Other Types of Infectious Arthritis

The following sections describe the infectious arthritis symptoms that may appear, based on the specific type.
Gonococcal Arthritis
For people with gonococcal arthritis, joint symptoms can be similar to those seen with septic arthritis. An unexplained blister-like rash may be also present early in the course of the disease. Unlike septic arthritis, which normally only affects one joint, gonococcal arthritis is likely to affect multiple joints.
Tuberculosis Arthritis
Tuberculosis arthritis typically only affects one joint. Most often, this joint is in the small joints of the hand, wrist, ankle, knee, or hip. Pain may be the first symptom people with the condition experience; however, it is generally not severe. This lack of severity may delay diagnosis of the condition, sometimes for several months. General symptoms of fever, chills, and cold sweats are usually not present.
Fungal Arthritis
Most types of fungal arthritis also tend to develop slowly. Fungal arthritis occurs most often in the knee. Pain tends to be the first symptom, but it is usually characterized more as a dull ache.
Viral Arthritis
Viral arthritis may affect both the large and small joints. The small joints of the hand and wrist are most affected. Some types of viral arthritis may also cause fever or unexplained rash. It can often affect multiple joints at once.
Lyme Arthritis
After several months, approximately 60 percent of people with untreated Lyme disease will begin to have sporadic bouts of arthritis. This can include severe joint pain and swelling. Large joints are most often affected, especially the knees.
Also, up to 5 percent of untreated people may develop chronic problems of the nervous system within months to years of being infected. These nerve problems can include:
  • Shooting pains
  • Numbness or tingling in the hands or feet
  • Problems with concentration and short-term memory.
(Click Lyme Disease Symptoms for more information.)
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Infectious Arthritis Information

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