Anesthesia is used to eliminate the pain felt during a procedure. For this procedure, the two most commonly used are spinal or general anesthesia.
With spinal anesthesia, your anesthesiologist will inject medicine into your lower back. To make the placement of the needle easier, you will be asked to either lay on your side curled up, or to sit on the side of the table hunched forward. You will also receive medicine that makes you feel relaxed or sleepy. Although the spinal anesthesia will take away all sensation of pain, you might still feel some pressure and movement during the procedure.
The other option is general anesthesia. This type uses medication to put you into a deep sleep so that you are not aware of any pain, pressure, or movement during the procedure.
In order to do this, you will first be asked to breathe through an oxygen mask. Then you will be given medications through your IV, which will cause you to feel pleasantly relaxed and slowly drift off to sleep. After you are in sound asleep sleep, a breathing tube will be placed into your windpipe to assist with your breathing throughout the operation. Your anesthesiologist and anesthesia care team will give you other medications as required during your procedure through your IV.
You will talk to the anesthesiologist prior to the surgery and any questions or concerns you have regarding the choice or effects of the anesthesia can be discussed at that time.