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Xarelto is a type of blood-thinning medication used to prevent certain types of blood clots (and in some cases, strokes). The medication comes in the form of a tablet that is taken by mouth once daily. Side effects may include things like itching and bleeding.

What Is Xarelto?

Xarelto® (rivaroxaban) is a prescription anticoagulant medication. It is approved for the following uses:
  
 
  • To treat DVT blood clots or blood clots in the lungs (pulmonary emboli) and to prevent repeat blood clots.
 
 
(Click Xarelto Uses for more information on this topic, including possible off-label uses.)
 

Who Makes This Medicine?

Xarelto is manufactured by Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
 

How Does Xarelto Work?

Xarelto works by specifically inhibiting a clotting factor known as Factor Xa. It is more selective than heparin (including both unfractionated heparin and low-molecular-weight heparin), which inhibits other clotting factors in addition to Factor Xa. Xarelto is not a heparin medication and does not affect blood platelets.
 
Like other "blood thinners," Xarelto does not break down clots. Instead, it slows down clot formation, giving the body a chance to break down the clots naturally.
 
Written by/reviewed by:
Last reviewed by: Kristi Monson, PharmD;
Last updated/reviewed:
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