Different Drugs for Osteoarthritis

Corticosteroids
Corticosteroids are powerful anti-inflammatory hormones made naturally in the body or made synthetically for use as medicine. These medicines may be injected into the affected joints to temporarily relieve pain. However, this is a short-term measure; it is generally not recommended that a person receive more than two or three treatments per year. Oral corticosteroids should not be used as an osteoarthritis medicine.
 
Hyaluronic Acid Substitutes
Hyaluronic acid substitutes (sometimes called viscosupplements) are designed to replace a normal component of the joint involved in lubrication and nutrition. Depending on the particular product your doctor prescribes, it will be given in a series of three to five injections.
 
Topical Pain-Relieving Creams, Rubs, and Sprays
These products are applied directly to the skin over painful joints. They work in one of three different ways:
 
  • By stimulating the nerve endings to distract the brain's attention from the joint pain
  • By depleting the amount of a neurotransmitter called substance P, which sends pain messages to the brain
  • By blocking chemicals called prostaglandins, which cause pain and inflammation.
 
A few examples of topical medications for osteoarthritis include:
 
  • Zostrix®
  • Theragen®
  • Icy Hot®
  • Therapeutic Mineral Ice®.
 
Research has shown that salicylate cream (such as Bengay Arthritis® or Aspercreme®) does not work for osteoarthritis pain.
 
Top Foods to Fight Inflammation

Osteoarthritis Explained

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