Septic Arthritis

Treatment Options

Septic arthritis treatment involves the use of antibiotics. The specific antibiotic recommended for the treatment of septic arthritis will depend on the results of the synovial fluid analysis. Initially, antibiotics are given intravenously (through an IV). After a period of time, the healthcare provider will often switch the patient to antibiotics taken by mouth.
The length of treatment with antibiotics will depend on the specific type of bacteria. Streptococcal arthritis can usually be cured with antibiotics in 10 to 14 days. Other types of bacteria may require three to six weeks of treatment.
Treatment for septic arthritis also involves draining the infected joint.
(Click Septic Arthritis Treatment to learn more about treating septic arthritis, including more information about how a joint is drained.)

What Is the Prognosis for Septic Arthritis?

With treatment, the prognosis for people with septic arthritis is usually good. The risk for a poor outcome may increase in cases involving:
  • Septic arthritis in young children or infants
  • Associated osteomyelitis (infection of bone)
  • Failure to treat the condition within seven days of its onset
  • Septic arthritis in the hip.
Top Foods to Fight Inflammation

Bacterial Arthritis

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